Blue Stage Edu

Learning without Frontiers

Month: March 2017

Water Erosion

watererosionErosion, in simple terms, is the process by which surface action of wind or water remove dissolved material, rock and soil from one location to another. Typically, wind and water erosion occur on sand, rocks, hilly regions, deserts and along water flow areas. Physical or Mechanical Erosion is said to take place when rock or soil undergo particulate breakdown; on the other hand, when rock or soil are dissolved into a solvent, usually by water, and a flow-away of the solution happens, this is known as Chemical Erosion. In each case, the sediment caused by erosion can travel for thousands of kilometers or just a few centimeters.

Water damage or water erosion happens when flowing water carries with it pieces of dirt, rock and sand. The four major types of water erosion are:

• Sheet erosion – occurs when rainfall and runoff water move loose soil

• Rill erosion – is concentrated in a small area in a landscape and over time becomes a well-defined channel called a rill

• Gully erosion – is the extended form of rill erosion where a rill expands to cause a huge rift in the land

• Bank erosion – is caused by natural flow of water in rivers and streams
These types of erosion are particular to the kind of land that is impacted by water and are the reason for the existence of canyons, cliffs, shorelines and valleys.

Flowing water causes erosion of land by sheer velocity of the water. As rivers and streams flow, they erode soil and carry the sediment far from their original location; the hydraulic action of the flowing water carries small, fast-moving sediment particles downstream slowly chipping at bedrock along the way and causing more erosion.
Along coastlines, waves cause erosion as they are a source of powerful movement and can move debris and sand up and down shorelines during high tides, hurricanes, tropical storms etc. However, according to a study by the University of Oklahoma, erosion caused by waves is actually small as even though they seem impressive the water movement is actually small in comparison and the sand moves in a cyclical pattern. Waves can actually add quantities to amounts of beach sand.

Over the years, human intervention with the environment has increased by nearly 40 times the rate of water erosion; in the US alone nearly 4 billion tones of soil is eroded each year by movement of water. Where jetties, seawalls and other structures are put in place to keep the sea from moving closer to shore, they actually cause the water to head back into the sea with more velocity than normal thereby causing the beach to lose more sand.

Together, wind and water erosion account for nearly 85% of degraded land globally making it a significant environmental problem world-wide.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9521448

7 Reasons Why Teachers Should Celebrate Less Intelligent Students

In the education sector, the grading scale is used to judge a student’s academic performance. The letter grading system is used for measuring and grouping of students into either excellent student or a failure based on their cognitive achievement. Today, there is more to do than just setting up a standard grading scale for assessment of students.Generally speaking, learners have academic challenges, and it is accepted as a norm in the academic world that the intelligent active students with higher IQ are more successful in life than less intelligent students. However, based on real life experiences, the opposite is happening.

For instance, I studied the lives of great men and famous women and I discovered that those who got to the top were those who were not with high IQ. Bill Gates, CEO of Microsoft dropped out of High School and started the largest software incorporation in the world. Similarly, Mark Zuckerberg dropped out of College to start the most competitive social media. They were tagged ”less intelligent and failures”. On the other hand, the less intelligent students may appear to be doing nothing and making mistakes in their academics, they eventually end up doing better than the clever ones.

Are you a teacher? What is your opinion about students who have slipped academically like a crumbled wall? As strange as it seems, it is ninety percent probable that the slack, lazy students become millionaires or billionaires in the future. These drop outs latter turn out to be the beasts in the business arena. Teachers who get burned out teaching lazy inactive students do not continue learning.

Hence, there are seven reasons why you should celebrate the less intelligent students in your classroom.

  • Problem solvers: Based on my personal experience, students with inadequate learning tools possess the ability to give you quick answers to your problem. I think they stimulate a more creative and innovative approach to problem solving and decision making. Thomas Edison is an example. He couldn’t cope in school and after he was withdrawn and homeschooled, he invented the electric light bulb.
  • Self-taught: Because they lag behind does not mean they are not learning. They can educate themselves and as custodians of apparatus we can turn and twist to acquire the excellence that distinguish less intelligent students. Evaluate them seriously and help them improve.
  • They inspire independence: As you celebrate these kind of students you’ll be amazed how they get ideas to clear the way that makes them ineffective. Appreciate their failures as human error.
  • Imperfect: Nobody is perfect and fingers are not equal. Never expect perfection from less intelligent students because human beings are far from perfection. They will make mistakes so appreciate the little effort they put in daily.
  • The best resource: Initially, the not so clever students go through a tough path and some receive less support from home but later, their success story is a powerful testimony. Oprah Winfrey is an example of a kid who came from a poor background and she did not excel in school. However, today, she is one of America’s richest T.V presenter.
  • Amused minds: The less intelligent students have amusing minds. They accept their failures and usually do not bother about it. They may be lazy intellectually, however, they are good thinkers. They like to do what amuses them. So, as a teacher help them to discover with accuracy the peculiar bent of their genius.
  • The tide will turn: less intelligent students know they have a problem but they believe that with time, their persistent spirit will turn the tide.

In conclusion, play the ‘Believing Game.’ It is about making the effort to at least consider the reasons for an opposing view on an issue. You may have an exclusion criteria that makes you think the less intelligent have characteristics that disqualifies them from the inclusion criteria of high IQ students. They may be tardy, not clever or truant students, just go out of your way to keep them on track. It is important you keep on believing in them so that you can win their trust. All you have to do as a teacher is to push a little further and never doubt the success of such students.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9517741

How to Find a School That’s Right for Your Child

There comes a point when every parent goes through the process to find a school for their child. It can be a difficult process – you might have a different opinion on choice of schools than your child; you may be moving to a new area; or you may be looking at an independent, fee paying school for your child. Whatever the scenario, help is on hand to ensure you find the right school where your child is happy.

So we have put together some general advice to help you not just find a school, but to find the right school.

Moving area – finding a school in an area you are not familiar with can be very tricky, especially given the amount of assistance given by existing primary schools to get their pupils into the right secondary school. The best place to begin is by making a shortlist of schools in the area you are moving to, you can do a postcode search here. Once you have your list, contact them and find out when they are open for you to go and visit. The whole process can then be broken down into a simple, enjoyable exercise for you and your child.

Find an independent school – if you are looking for an independent school for your child then your options will become much narrower. Outside of major towns and cities there are often only a handful of independent, fee paying schools to choose from and you may already know what these are. Independent schools will always have open days or open evenings where you can call in and take a look around to see if it is right for you. As they are fewer in number, it is likely you will need to use the school’s transport service to get your child to and from school each day, so check where this stops and picks up in relation to your home.

Find a school with good OFSTED ratings – OFSTED ratings work on a numbered rating from 1 to 4, with 1 being the best (Outstanding) and 4 being the worst (Needs improvement). A school in category 4 will sometimes be put in what is known as Special Measures, meaning it has outside assistance from the local authority to try to improve, and the senior management team can be replaced if they are deemed to be ineffective. Whatever the scenario, every schools’ OFSTED rating is published online and can be viewed for free, so always go and take a look to find out more and use them to help you find a school.

Find a school your child is in disagreement with – quite often you will have a differing opinion than your child’s. This will almost certainly be the case when you come to find a school for them. They may favour a school where their friends go, or which has the best sports team, or is nearest your home, whereas these may be the schools with the worst OFSTED ratings, or the worst transport links, which you (rather more sensibly!) deem less adequate.

Finding a school is often a very simple process but for some there are a few more hurdles to overcome. When there are, help is at hand from a variety of sources to make sure you find a school your child is happy at.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9495391

Online Colleges Help Deaf Students Succeed

If you are hard of hearing, you may assume that you will have to go to a deaf college to get your degree. While there are a lot of traditional universities that provide deaf-friendly facilities, most hard-of-hearing students go to deaf colleges to pursue their post-secondary education. However, the internet has opened a world of new opportunities for these students by allowing them to attend standard college courses just like everyone else. Going to college has never been easier. Here is a look at just some of the many advantages online schooling provides for deaf students.

Written Materials

In a traditional college setting, classwork may be a derivative of lectures that the professor provides on a subject. While there are still lectures in online courses through videos, they typically rely on PowerPoint presentations and text from the book to illustrate a point. This gives deaf students a better chance to understand materials because they can read about information, rather than having to follow the sign language of their interpreters 24/7.

Written Communication

With an online degree program, you can ask all of your questions through emails and instant messages. This gives you a chance to write out everything you want to say, rather than having to pass the information through an interpreter. You can read over the information to see how it sounds, and then you can edit it to get your point across in full. You will receive answers back through written communication, which should be easy for you to understand. This will ultimately help you succeed.

More Accurate Information

If you have to rely on an interpreter for all of your information, you may miss out on an important point that he or she missed in the process of interpreting for you. He or she may also misspell a technical word for you, which may make you understand work incorrectly. By having all of the class work written out for you on the web, you won’t have to worry about getting a bad grade because of someone else’s misinterpretations.

Wider Degree Selection

You should have a wider range of degrees to choose from online than you would in a deaf college, so this opportunity could ultimately lead you to a career you are actually happy to be a part of. You won’t have to settle for whatever happens to be available when you enroll. You can setup a degree program that fully satisfies your goals in life. You can also customize your schedule to fit your needs, so you could potentially hold down a job and work on a degree at the same time. This is a winning solution all the way around.

Affordability

Online degree programs cost a lot less money than traditional degree problems, so you should have more money left over for medical expenses or general living costs you may encounter throughout the year. There are tons of scholarships for deaf students out there, and most of them will recognize online colleges as legitimate universities. Thus you should have no trouble getting money to pay for your online schooling if you look around long enough.

Conclusion

The internet levels the playing field between deaf students and traditional college students. If you are hard of hearing, you may find the web to be your educational sanctuary. There are tons of schools and degree programs to choose from online, so you just have to look around to see what you like. Whether you want to be an astronaut, a zoologist, or anything in between, you will eventually find a degree program for you on the web.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9534379

Increasing Learning Transfer in eLearning

IT’S NOT JUST ABOUT INSTRUCTION

What is the point of learning? Why do organizations and individuals invest significant time and resources in educational opportunities each year? Though many people have surely endured trainings that felt so irrelevant and meaningless that these very same questions came to mind, in reality the purpose behind most learning investments is to influence a desired outcome or change. Whether the desired result is progress toward subject mastery required to earn a degree or employee performance improvement to impact a company’s bottom-line, achievement of that outcome relies on newly-acquired knowledge being applied in context(s) outside the learning environment. In other words, for instruction to fulfill its purpose beyond the classroom, learning transfer must occur.

Achieving effective learning transfer is actually pretty hard to do, though, even in well-facilitated face-to-face instructional settings. When you take instruction fully online, real knowledge transfer can be even more difficult to attain. And, too often, when eLearning participants fail to master and apply new skills, the online environment itself is blamed for the failed learning transfer rather than the instructional design.

ELEARNING DESIGN BEST PRACTICES FOR OPTIMAL LEARNING TRANSFER

It is not impossible, however, to deliver virtual learning content that supports and even accelerates learning transfer. Is it often difficult? Sure. Does it require a unique and deliberate instructional design process? Absolutely. But it can be done. Here are five tips for designing eLearning to maximize learning transfer:

1. Complete a thorough assessment of the organizational goal(s) and the targeted learner

This might sound like common sense, but it is shocking how often this critical first step is left incomplete or is skipped altogether. Before you can design any effective eLearning program, you must understand the learners who will be engaging with it. The technical capabilities & access, existing skills & skill gaps, any prior knowledge that should be called upon during the learning process (part of instructional scaffolding), and the context in which the learners are likely to apply new knowledge are all factors that should greatly inform instructional design decisions.

It is also important to have extreme clarity around the organizational end-goals inspiring the investment in new eLearning content. It is not at all uncommon for a company to think it simply needs to beef up its customer service training in order to solve a declining customer satisfaction rates but, in the end, the root issue is more systemic. Still solvable, just not with the customer service training they originally sought. Don’t be afraid to ask questions that get to the why-behind-the-why before you go down a specific design path. A complete and accurate assessment at the outset ensures the final product facilitates learning transfer that will actually impact the organization’s desired outcomes.

2. Provide ample opportunities for practice

Regardless of the content category, the only way to ensure learning transfer in eLearning is to include lots and lots of practice. This is especially important for building-block knowledge, theoretical principles, and dependent processes upon which the course’s terminal learning objectives are based. Practice opportunities should be varied, in both format and cadence, to maximize the potential for transfer to long-term memory.

Regular practice exercises also provide early and consistent insights into how each learner is digesting and understanding the eLearning content, which provides opportunities for both individual intervention and content optimization, based on trends observed at the cohort-level.

3. Make content relevant and linked to real-world application

For knowledge to stick, it needs to be applied to appropriate scenarios in different contexts. With certain process-oriented knowledge, this is fairly easy to do in an online environment. But attaining contextual parity for more interactive environments requiring the application of critical thinking skills is not so simple.

To expose learners to authentic application-based eLearning, incorporate interactive case studies and branching scenarios that allow for individualized decision making and feature personalized feedback at specific decision-points throughout the learning path.

4. Utilize collaborative instructional strategies and tools

There are more virtual collaboration tools out there today than existed just a few years ago. And experts in learning transfer agree that collaborative activities are especially instrumental in knowledge retention.

In addition to the familiar collaborative tools from Google (Docs, Hangouts) that support collaborative eLearning strategies, there are many exciting new options to enrich the online learning space. Here are just a few:

  • OoVoo: A fluid (and free!) video chat tool
  • Conceptboard: Easy-to-use, virtual whiteboard to enable effective online group work
  • Cacoo: Allows multiple users to work on flowcharts, mind maps, wireframes, and much more in an intuitive and real-time environment

5. Design an appropriate learning assessment strategy

How do you know if learning transfer is actually happening unless you are actually looking for it? In addition to practice opportunities and relevant application throughout the eLearning content sequence, a well-designed assessment strategy that targets the end-goals of the eLearning initiative and the participants’ ability to reliably (and continually) achieve those goals, is perhaps one of the most important considerations in eLearning design.

The standard-setting model for assessing whether learning transfer has actually occurred is Kirkpatrick’s Summative Assessment Theory. Based on this model, it is only possible to know that learning transfer occurs in level 3 evaluation (Can Learners apply the knowledge and skills beyond the course or training?). So it is important to develop an assessment strategy that not only includes in-course testing and assessment, but also post-training evaluation. Some options for an effective post-evaluation include learner surveys, comparative performance benchmarking, and surveys/interviews with organizational members/departments impacted by the training.

DESIGN STRATEGY IS KEY

Delivering training online is an increasing necessity in today’s global, telecommuting work world. And eLearning content that is engaging, relevant, and promotes effective learning transfer is possible with the right instructional design strategy. Just as with anything worth doing, eLearning design is worth doing well.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9461560

What 5 Things Will Help You to Search for Secondary Schools?

The search for the right secondary school for your son or daughter can be a difficult process. It can be straightforward, you may be fortunate enough to have a primary school which acts as a feeder school and all the details are arranged for you, but what if that isn’t the case, what if you need to make your own arrangements and do your own research. Where do you begin and what can you do to help yourself?

1. Keep an open mind – it is really important when you begin your search for secondary schools that you keep an open mind. You may well have preconceptions about certain schools based upon their reputation, children you know that currently go there, or the quality of their sports teams. The first thing to remember is that none of these preconceptions matter. What matters is that your child gets the best possible education and to do that you need to start off by being open minded and considering all options. Don’t discount anything from the outset!

2. Talk to the primary school – the next phase of your search for secondary schools should be to consult with your child’s primary school. They will already have schools which their children are recommended to go to, but even if these are not on your list of options (you may be leaving the area or considering an independent school) your primary school will still help you. It is their sole task to take children in at a young age, and prepare them for the next stage of their education, so they will always assist you to search for a secondary school.

3. Consider what your child wants to do at GCSE/A-Level – it may seem a long way off, but it really isn’t. Your child will start their GCSE studies three years after they start at the school, and so will need an idea of their subject choices after about two and a half years. When you begin your search, remember that some schools obtain better results in some subjects than others, and indeed some schools offer different subject choices if your child’s ambitions are a little less mainstream!

4. Talk to your child – don’t forget that it is your child who will attend the school, not you, so make sure they join in the search for a secondary school with you. What you think is an important factor may not be as important to them and vice versa, so it is important that you each come up with a list of key points and discuss them properly. They may be inclined to follow their friends but wherever they go to school, they will meet new people – they are joining a year group with about 3 – 5 times the number of children in it whether they follow their friends or not.

5. Visit as many schools as you can – search for a secondary school by actively going to visit them. It sounds obvious, but few people take advantage of this. All secondary schools have open days or open evenings, and even if you can’t make it to one, contact the schools anyway and make your own arrangements, they will always be happy to see you if you are considering applying to go there.

The search for a secondary school can seem like a lonely process, but it needn’t be – talk to others, talk to your children, talk to their current primary school – there is more advice available than you think!

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9483221

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